A Multidisciplinary Introduction to Desalination

Edited by Alireza Bazargan
Cloth: 978 87 93379 54 1 / $75.00
Published: January 2018  

Lib E-Book: 978 87 93379 53 4 / $56.25  
About Library E-Book

Published: January 2018  

E-Book: 978 87 93609 94 5 / $18.75
Published: January 2018  

Publisher: River Publishers
700 pp., 6 1/8" x 9 1/5"
color figs & graphs

Series: River Publishers Series in Chemical, Environmental, and Energy Engineering
Although more than 70% of the globe is covered with water, only a small portion is suitable for direct human use, making the scarcity of freshwater one of our planet's most serious challenges. In this context, desalination, defined as "the separation of salts from water," is one of the possible solutions for appeasing our ever-increasing thirst.

By drawing upon the expertise of a remarkable team of international authors, this book provides a simple, encompassing, and "multidisciplinary" introduction to desalination. The particular strength of this publication is its inclusive yet straightforward nature. In other words, the unique assortment of reader-friendly chapters is designed to cover the topic of desalination as a whole and strike a delicate balance between the technical and non-technical.

To this end, the book is divided into five general sections:
* The first section presents an overview of water scarcity, followed by a review of integrated water management and the alternatives to desalination. The fundamentals of desalination are also provided, including simple water chemistry.
* The second section covers conventional desalination technologies, including thermal and membrane processes. The topics of pre- and post- treatment are given due credit, as all desalination plants are more or less reliant on them.
* The third section reviews the history of how desalination technologies originated, including a review of today's R&D activities and cutting edge research. The topic of membrane manufacturing is also covered.
* Section four is concerned with energy and environmental issues, including the application of renewable and nuclear energy, energy minimization, brine management, and environmental impacts.
* Finally, section five covers the social and commercial issues, ranging from rural desalination to politics. Desalination costs and economic feasibility are discussed as well as issues in business development and future market prospects.

Table of Contents:
Dedication; Foreword; Preface

Section 1: Introduction
1. Water Scarcity
2. Integrated Water Management and the Alternatives to Desalination
3. Fundamentals of Desalination
4. Water Chemistry and Desalinated Water Quality

Section 2: Unit Operations
5. Thermal Processes
6. Membrane Processes
7. Pretreatment
8. Post-treatment

Section 3: Science and Technology
9. The Origins of Desalination Technologies
10. Issues in Research and Development
11. Membrane Chemistry and Engineering
12. Newest Research

Section 4: Energy and Environment
13. Desalination Powered by Renewable and Nuclear Energy Sources
14. Energy Consumption and Minimization
15. Brine Management
16. Environmental Impacts of Desalination Plants

Section 5: Social and Commercial Issues
17. Rural Desalination
18. Society, Politics, and Desalination
19. Desalination Costs and Feasibility
20. The Business of Desalination